SAMADHAN (Software Application for Monitoring And Disposal, Handling of Industrial Disputes)
A trade union or management can raise an industrial dispute which is connected with the employment or non-employment or the terms of employment or with the conditions of labour; Industrial dispute is raised before Conciliation Officer(C.O.) of the area. Conciliation Officer for the purpose of bringing about a settlement of dispute, without delay, investigate the dispute and all matter affecting the merits and right settlement thereof and may do all such things as he thinks fit for the purpose of inducting the parties to come to a fair and amicable settlement of dispute. If settlement of the dispute arrives in the course of conciliation proceedings then the Conciliation Officer (C.O.) sends a report thereof to the appropriate Government. If no such settlement is arrived at, the Conciliation Officer (C.O.) shall send to the appropriate Government , as soon as practicable after the close of the investigation , a report which is called Failure of Conciliation Report (FOC report). If, on a consideration of the report referred above, the appropriate Government is satisfied that there is a case for reference to Central Government Industrial Tribunal (CGIT), it may make such reference.
A workman can also raise a dispute directly before a Conciliation Officer (C.O.) in the case of his discharge, dismissal, retrenchment or any form of termination of service.
Central Government Industrial Tribunal-cum-Labour Courts
Central Government Industrial Tribunal-cum-Labour Courts (CGIT-cum-LCs) are set up under the provisions of Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 for adjudication of industrial disputes arising in Central Sphere. There are 22 CGIT-cum-LCs set up in various States. The CGIT-cum-LC No.1, Mumbai and CGIT-cum-LC, Kolkata also function as National Tribunals. These CGIT-cum-LCs are headed by Presiding Officers.
Where an industrial dispute has been referred to a Labour Court, Tribunal or National Tribunal for adjudication, it shall hold its proceedings expeditiously and shall, within the period specified in the order referring such industrial dispute or the further period extended under the second proviso to sub-section (2-A) of section 10, submit its awards to the appropriate Government.